Cataracts are a progressive clouding or opacification of the normally clear lenses of the eyes. While cataracts are typically due to age-related exposure to UV or physical trauma, additional common risk factors include smoking and alcohol consumption. The treatment of cataracts is based on the level of visual impairment they cause; minimal impairment may only require a temporary eyeglass prescription and a recommendation of increased lighting during reading. After a comprehensive eye exam, a treatment plan can be made in closer conjunction with the status of the condition. Both pre-operative and post-operative visits are held with Dr. Packer, allowing him to closely monitor the progress of healing and ocular health throughout the process.